(Part 3) (VI) (DM) PharmaWater-METROS-A TO Z / PHARMAWATER-METROS-BY RESULTS / PHARMAWATER-SMALL CITIES

Posted by on Aug 5, 2015 in Health, Mr. Truthseeker | No Comments

Part 3:

Source:

PharmaWater-METROS-A TO Z:

Pharmaceuticals found in drinking water of 24 major metro areas, 34 say no testing

By The Associated Press

At least one pharmaceutical was detected in tests of treated drinking water supplies for 24 major metropolitan areas, according to an Associated Press survey of 62 major water providers and data obtained from independent researchers.

Only 28 tested drinking water. Three of those said results were negative; Dallas says tests were conducted but results are not yet available. Thirty-four locations said no testing was conducted.

Test protocols varied widely. Some researchers looked only for one pharmaceutical or two; others looked for many.

Some water systems said tests had been negative, but the AP found independent research showing otherwise. Both prescription and non-prescription drugs were detected.

Because coffee and tobacco are so widely used, researchers say their byproducts are good indicators of the presence of pharmaceuticals. Thus, they routinely test for, and often find, both caffeine and nicotine’s metabolite cotinine more frequently than other drugs.

Here’s the list of metropolitan areas, with the number of pharmaceuticals detected and some examples of specific drugs that were found, or where tests were negative, not conducted or awaiting results:

  1. Albuquerque, N.M.: tests negative
  2. Arlington, Texas: 1 (unspecified pharmaceutical)
  3. Atlanta: 3 (acetaminophen, caffeine and cotinine)
  4. Austin, Texas: tests negative
  5. Baltimore: no testing
  6. Birmingham, Ala.: no testing
  7. Boston: no testing
  8. Charlotte, N.C.: no testing
  9. Chicago: no testing
  10. Cincinnati: 1 (caffeine)
  11. Cleveland: no testing
  12. Colorado Springs, Colo.: no testing
  13. Columbus, Ohio: 5 (azithromycin, roxithromycin, tylosin, virginiamycin and caffeine)
  14. Concord, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and sulfamethoxazole)
  15. Dallas: results pending
  16. Denver: (unspecified antibiotics)
  17. Detroit: (unspecified drugs)
  18. El Paso, Texas: no testing
  19. Fairfax, Va.: no testing
  20. Fort Worth, Texas: no testing
  21. Fresno, Calif.: no testing
  22. Honolulu: no testing
  23. Houston: no testing
  24. Indianapolis: 1 (caffeine)
  25. Jacksonville, Fla.: no testing
  26. Kansas City, Mo.: no testing
  27. Las Vegas: 3 (carbamazepine, meprobamate and phenytoin)
  28. Long Beach, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  29. Los Angeles: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  30. Louisville, Ky.: 3 (caffeine, carbamazepine and phenytoin)
  31. Memphis, Tenn.: no testing
  32. Mesa, Ariz.: no testing
  33. Miami: no testing
  34. Milwaukee: 1 (cotinine)
  35. Minneapolis: 1 (caffeine)
  36. Nashville, Tenn.: no testing
  37. New Orleans: 3 (clofibric acid, estrone and naproxen)
  38. New York City: no testing
  39. Northern New Jersey: 7 (caffeine, carbamazepine, codeine, cotinine, dehydronifedipine, diphenhydramine and sulfathiazole)
  40. Oakland, Calif.: no testing
  41. Oklahoma City: no testing
  42. Omaha, Neb.: no testing
  43. Orlando, Fla.: no testing
  44. Philadelphia: 56 (including amoxicillin, azithromycin, carbamazepine, diclofenac, prednisone and tetracycline)
  45. Phoenix: no testing
  46. Portland, Ore.: 4 (acetaminophen, caffeine, ibuprofen and sulfamethoxazole)
  47. Prince George’s and Montgomery counties, Md.: no testing
  48. Riverside County, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  49. Sacramento, Calif.: no testing
  50. San Antonio: no testing
  51. San Diego: 3 (ibuprofen, meprobamate and phenytoin)
  52. San Francisco: 1 (estradiol)
  53. San Jose, Calif.: no testing
  54. Santa Clara, Calif.: no testing
  55. Seattle: no testing
  56. Southern California: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  57. Suffolk County, N.Y.: no testing
  58. Tucson, Ariz.: 3 (carbamazepine, dehydronifedipine and sulfamethoxazole)
  59. Tulsa, Okla.: no testing
  60. Virginia Beach, Va.: tests negative
  61. Washington, D.C.: 6 (carbamazepine, caffeine, ibuprofen, monensin, naproxen and sulfamethoxazole)
  62. Wichita, Kan.: no testing.

National Writer Martha Mendoza and writer Justin Pritchard also contributed to this report.

__________________________________________________

PHARMAWATER-METROS-BY RESULTS:

Pharmaceuticals found in drinking water of 24 major metro areas, 34 say no testing

By The Associated Press

At least one pharmaceutical was detected in tests of treated drinking water supplies for 24 major metropolitan areas, according to an Associated Press survey of 62 major water providers and data obtained from independent researchers.

Only 28 tested drinking water. Three of those said results were negative; Dallas says tests were conducted but results are not yet available. Thirty-four locations said no testing was conducted.

Test protocols varied widely. Some researchers looked only for one pharmaceutical or two; others looked for many.

Some water systems said tests had been negative, but the AP found independent research showing otherwise. Both prescription and non-prescription drugs were detected.

Because coffee and tobacco are so widely used, researchers say their byproducts are good indicators of the presence of pharmaceuticals. Thus, they routinely test for, and often find, both caffeine and nicotine’s metabolite cotinine more frequently than other drugs.

Here’s the list of metropolitan areas, with the number of pharmaceuticals detected and some examples of specific drugs that were found, or where tests were negative, not conducted or awaiting results:

At least one pharmaceutical was detected in tests of treated drinking water supplies for 24 major metropolitan areas, according to an Associated Press survey of 62 major water providers and data obtained from independent researchers.

Only 28 tested drinking water. Three of those said results were negative; Dallas says tests were conducted but results are not yet available. Thirty-four locations said no testing was conducted.

Test protocols varied widely. Some researchers looked only for one pharmaceutical or two; others looked for many.

Some water systems said tests had been negative, but the AP found independent research showing otherwise. Both prescription and non-prescription drugs were detected.

Because coffee and tobacco are so widely used, researchers say their byproducts are good indicators of the presence of pharmaceuticals. Thus, they routinely test for, and often find, both caffeine and nicotine’s metabolite cotinine more frequently than other drugs.

Here’s the list of metropolitan areas, grouped by categories those with positive test results, including the number of pharmaceuticals detected and some examples of specific drugs found, locations where tests were negative, locations where tests were not conducted and a location with pending results:

TESTED POSITIVE

  1. Arlington, Texas: 1 (unspecified pharmaceutical)
  2. Atlanta: 3 (acetaminophen, caffeine and cotinine)
  3. Cincinnati: 1 (caffeine)
  4. Columbus, Ohio: 5 (azithromycin, roxithromycin, tylosin, virginiamycin and caffeine)
  5. Concord, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and sulfamethoxazole)
  6. Denver: (unspecified antibiotics)
  7. Detroit: (unspecified drugs)
  8. Indianapolis: 1 (caffeine)
  9. Las Vegas: 3 (carbamazepine, meprobamate and phenytoin)
  10. Long Beach, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  11. Los Angeles: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  12. Louisville, Ky.: 3 (caffeine, carbamazepine and phenytoin)
  13. Milwaukee: 1 (cotinine)
  14. Minneapolis: 1 (caffeine)
  15. New Orleans: 3 (clofibric acid, estrone and naproxen)
  16. Northern New Jersey: 7 (caffeine, carbamazepine, codeine, cotinine, dehydronifedipine, diphenhydramine and sulfathiazole)
  17. Philadelphia: 56 (including amoxicillin, azithromycin, carbamazepine, diclofenac, prednisone and tetracycline)
  18. Portland, Ore.: 4 (acetaminophen, caffeine, ibuprofen and sulfamethoxazole)
  19. Riverside County, Calif.: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  20. San Diego: 3 (ibuprofen, meprobamate and phenytoin)
  21. San Francisco: 1 (estradiol)
  22. Southern California: 2 (meprobamate and phenytoin)
  23. Tucson, Ariz.: 3 (carbamazepine, dehydronifedipine and sulfamethoxazole)
  24. Washington, D.C.: 6 (carbamazepine, caffeine, ibuprofen, monensin, naproxen and sulfamethoxazole)

TESTED NEGATIVE

  1. Albuquerque, N.M.: tests negative
  2. Austin, Texas: tests negative
  3. Virginia Beach, Va.: tests negative

DID NOT TEST

  1. Baltimore: no testing
  2. Birmingham, Ala.: no testing
  3. Boston: no testing
  4. Charlotte, N.C.: no testing
  5. Chicago: no testing
  6. Cleveland: no testing
  7. Colorado Springs, Colo.: no testing
  8. El Paso, Texas: no testing
  9. Fairfax, Va.: no testing
  10. Fort Worth, Texas: no testing
  11. Fresno, Calif.: no testing
  12. Honolulu: no testing
  13. Houston: no testing
  14. Jacksonville, Fla.: no testing
  15. Kansas City, Mo.: no testing
  16. Memphis, Tenn.: no testing
  17. Mesa, Ariz.: no testing
  18. Miami: no testing
  19. Nashville, Tenn.: no testing
  20. New York City: no testing
  21. Oakland, Calif.: no testing
  22. Oklahoma City: no testing
  23. Omaha, Neb.: no testing
  24. Orlando, Fla.: no testing
  25. Phoenix: no testing
  26. Sacramento, Calif.: no testing
  27. San Antonio: no testing
  28. Prince George’s and Montgomery counties, Md.: no testing
  29. San Jose, Calif.: no testing
  30. Santa Clara, Calif.: no testing
  31. Seattle: no testing
  32. Suffolk County, N.Y.: no testing
  33. Tulsa, Okla.: no testing
  34. Wichita, Kan.: no testing

TESTED, RESULTS PENDING

  1. Dallas: results pending

__________________________________________

Source:

PHARMAWATER-SMALL CITIES:

AP survey of 52 smaller cities show no testing for pharmaceuticals in drinking water

By The Associated Press

The Associated Press surveyed 52 small water providers that serve communities with populations generally around 25,000 one in each state, and two in Missouri and Texas.

All but one said their drinking water had not been screened for pharmaceuticals; officials in that community, Emporia, Kan., refused to answer AP’s questions, citing post-9/11 security concerns.

Here’s the list of the 51 cities that told the AP its drinking water has not been tested.

  1. Anniston, Ala.
  2. Fairbanks, Alaska
  3. Prescott, Ariz.
  4. Jacksonville, Ark.
  5. Santa Paula, Calif.
  6. Grand Junction, Colo.
  7. Norwich, Conn.
  8. Newark, Del.
  9. Homestead City, Fla.
  10. LaGrange, Ga.
  11. Hilo, Hawaii
  12. Lewiston, Idaho
  13. Freeport, Ill.
  14. Michigan City, Ind.
  15. Fort Dodge, Iowa
  16. Paducah, Ky.
  17. Houma, La.
  18. Bangor, Maine
  19. Annapolis, Md.
  20. Agawam, Mass.
  21. Burton, Mich.
  22. Fridley, Minn.
  23. Pascagoula, Miss.
  24. Kirkwood, Mo.
  25. Sedalia, Mo.
  26. Butte-Silver Bow, Mont.
  27. Grand Island, Neb.
  28. Carson City, Nev.
  29. Dover, N.H.
  30. Millville, N.J.
  31. Hobbs, N.M.
  32. Watertown,N.Y.
  33. Sanford, N.C.
  34. Minot, N.D.
  35. Shawnee, Okla.
  36. Zanesville, Ohio
  37. Lake Oswego, Ore.
  38. Lebanon, Pa.
  39. Bristol, R.I.
  40. Florence, S.C.
  41. Rapid City, S.D.
  42. Oak Ridge, Tenn.
  43. Denison, Texas
  44. Kingsville, Texas
  45. Midvale, Utah
  46. Burlington, Vt.
  47. Salem, Va.
  48. Puyallup, Wash.
  49. Huntington, W. Va.
  50. New Berlin, Wis.
  51. Laramie, Wyo.